Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

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Ventricular septal defect in dogs, often abbreviated to VSD, is a congenital medical condition that affects two of a dog’s four heart chambers, called ventricles. In these cases, a hole develops between the two ventricle chambers.

The condition can lead to heart failure and prove to be fatal.

If you see signs that your canine might be suffering from any hear issues, then you must consult your veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment. Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of ventricular septal defect in dogs.

Symptoms Of Ventricular Septal Defect In Dogs

Ventricular septal defect in dogs often produces the symptom of a heart murmur.

Additionally, the following symptoms might also appear:

  • Lack of energy
  • Losing weight and losing appetite
  • coughing
  • Increased heart rate
  • fainting
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Unwillingness to exercise

Causes Of Ventricular Septal Defect In Dogs

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The cause of VSD in dogs is currently unknown; although it is often suspected that genetic factors may cause the condition.

Veterinary Treatments

If you suspect that your dog is suffering from VSD, your veterinarian will want to ask about their full medical history, as well as any recent symptoms that you may have noticed. They’ll also carry out comprehensive blood tests, along with a urine test.

In most cases, vets use ultrasounds and X-rays to closely monitor the condition of the heart.

When it comes to treatment, vets may consider heart surgery in the most severe cases. Additionally, the use of medicine can help to manage any symptoms.

As always, if your vet prescribes your dog any medicine, it is vital that you stick to the precise frequency and dosage instructions and complete the full course of medication.

Dogs that have been diagnosed with this condition should limit their physical activity and switch to a low sodium diet. Your vet can help formulate a safe exercise plan and dietary changes for your dog.

Has your dog suffered from ventricular septal defect? What kind of diet and exercise changes did your vet recommend? Tell us all about it in the comments below.