Encephalitis (Brain Inflammation) In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

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(Image credit: Kateryna Kukota / Getty Images)

Canine encephalitis is a condition that causes a dog’s brain to become inflamed. It can be due to a number of factors, including infection by parasites.

Unfortunately, although all dogs can suffer from the condition, studies suggest that certain breeds, including Yorkshire Terriers, German Shorthaired Pointer, and Maltese, have a higher predisposition to develop encephalitis.

If you see signs that your dog has encephalitis, then You need to consult your veterinarian for correct diagnosis and treatment. Here’s What You Should Know About The Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments For Encephalitis In Dogs.

Symptoms of Encephalitis in Dogs

Encephalitis in dogs can lead to a variety of symptoms, depending on which part of a dog’s brain is affected. Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • seizure
  • Tilt your head to one side
  • Circles
  • Becoming depressed and less responsive
  • fever
  • Problems with vision

Causes of Encephalitis in Dogs

Vet giving vaccine

(Image source: Sebastian Condrea / Getty Images)

The cause of encephalitis in dogs is, in many cases, unknown. In other cases, viral, fungal, and bacterial infections can cause the condition.

In addition, parasitic infections can lead to inflammation of the brain, and infected skunks and raccoons can transmit the disease.

When it comes to certain breeds of dogs, the Maltese, German Shorthaired Pointer, and Yorkshire Terrier appear to be at the highest risk for developing the condition.

Veterinary treatments

If you suspect your dog may develop encephalitis, your veterinarian will want to do a full physical exam. They will order blood and urine tests. In addition, veterinarians can use X-ray, CT, and MRI scans to examine suspected cases.

Your veterinarian may also consider taking a sample of fluids from the brain and spinal cord and sending it to a laboratory for further analysis.

If the veterinarian confirms his diagnosis, treatment for the condition may include hospitalization for your dog, depending on the cause of the problem. The vet can also prescribe medication, including antibiotics.

As always, when your veterinarian prescribes medication for your dog, it is important that you follow exact dosage and frequency instructions, and take all medication.

While your dog is recovering, it is important that he see his veterinarian regularly. This will allow the veterinarian to closely monitor the condition of the condition in case your dog needs further medical treatment.

Has your dog developed encephalitis? What treatments has your vet prescribed? Tell us all about it in the comments below.