Breed Specific Necrotizing Encephalitis In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

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Breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs is a condition that describes inflammation of a dog’s brain and the destruction of brain tissue.

As the name suggests, the disease affects only a select number of dog breeds, including Yorkshire terriers, pugs, and Maltese. It also causes a number of different symptoms, depending on the breed of the affected dog.

If you see signs that your dog has encephalitis, then You need to consult your veterinarian for correct diagnosis and treatment. Here’s What You Should Know About the Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments for Breed Specific Necrotizing Encephalitis in Dogs.

Symptoms of breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs

Breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs can cause a variety of symptoms, depending on the breed of dog and the affected part of the brain.

Some of the most common symptoms are:

Causes of breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs

Maltese dog having a medical exam in the veterinarian's office and looking at the camera.

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Unfortunately, the cause of breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs is idiopathic, that is, unknown.

When it comes to the breeds of dogs affected by the condition, the most common breeds are:

  • Yorkshire Terrier
  • Maltese
  • French bulldog
  • pug
  • Shih Tzu
  • Chihuahua

Veterinary treatments

If you think your dog is developing breed specific necrotizing encephalitis, your veterinarian will ask a series of questions about his or her symptoms and medical history. Your veterinarian will also do a full physical exam on your dog and order blood and urine tests.

In addition, the vet may order an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan; However, there are challenges associated with using this type of imaging to make a diagnosis. In some cases, doing a brain biopsy is the most effective way to confirm the condition.

Unfortunately, there is no current treatment for this disease. Instead, your veterinarian will focus on reducing the effects of symptoms your dog may be suffering from.

The vet may also suggest medications to help with inflammation problems. As always, when your veterinarian prescribes medication for your dog, it is important that you follow exact dosage and frequency instructions, and take all medication.

Has Your Dog Developed Breed Specific Necrotizing Encephalitis? How do you keep her comfortable Tell us all about it in the comments below.